In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese-speaking community. According to the Census 2011, there are around 14.16 lakh Bodo speakers in Assam (4.53% of the total population of the state). Population (In Assam) A. Census report 1991: -12 lakh population, which was 5.3% of the whole state’s population. The Bodos, a plains-dwelling tribe, make up the single largest community with Scheduled Tribe status in Assam, accounting for about 5-6% of the state’s population.  On the other hand, it is also claimed as a sovereign state (complete independence from India) by the separatist insurgent group NDFB.. Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population. work-door) which always carries the sense of a border mart at the foot of a pass and the area in its immediate vicinity." (estimated). This can lead to an increase in the Bodo population in the BTR and decrease in the non-tribal population in the same, resulting in mitigation of inter-community clashes in the future. Bodo accord 2020: The central government, Assam government and Bodo representatives on Monday signed a Bodo accord to fulfill the groups’ key …  The region has also produced many national level athletes. The region is industrially backward with most of its population depending on agriculture for livelihood. Rahul Tripathi, ET Bureau Last Updated: Jan 28, 2020, 08:44 AM IST. , Bodos are the majority community in the region numbering around 1 million (31%) followed by Bengali Muslims, who form the largest minority group. Guwahati: The Assam government Wednesday decided to bring in an ordinance to grant official status to the Bodo language. The 2003 Bodo Accord, which saw the creation of BTAD comprising Udalguri, Kokrajhar, Baksa and Chirang districts, largely excluded the majority non-Bodo population from the accord, and skewed representation in the new body in favour of the minority Bodo community to the chagrin of the majority non-Bodo population. WhatsApp. Synopsis. A new peace agreement was signed on 27 January 2020 between the Government of India and the Government of Assam on one side and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland, (NDFB) the All Bodo Students’ Union and United Bodo People's Organisation on the other. Abc Small. The Park is home for Elephant, Rhino, Tiger, Gaur, Wild Buffalo, Deer, Wild Hogs, and many other Reptiles, Birds and Insects including some highly endangered species like Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur & Bengal Florican. Currently Assam state has an area of 78,438 sq km with density of 397 people per sq km. It also has many wildlife sanctuaries, reserve forests, site seeings, picnic spots, and events.. The accord was lauded for ushering in “a golden future for Assam and for the Bodo people.” The accord marks a series of fast-paced developments in January 2020 in what had otherwise been a drawn-out peace process dating back to 2008. Share. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in celebrations in Kokrajhar, Assam on February 7, 2020, along with lakhs of people from the Bodo community. Its strategic location is blessed with beautiful forests of flora and founa.. Along with the other parts of Northeast India, regional aspiration in the region reached a turning point in the 1980s. Bodo tribe in Assam. Bodoland Transport Service buses have a direct bus service to the capital of assam Guwahati and capital of Meghalaya shillong The service initially ran 4 buses across the four districts but currently operates 16 buses that generates INR 1,800,000 annually according to a recent report. The average density of the population in BTC is 326 per Sq.K.m. Visitors can trek through the trail in the forest and stay the night in their guest house. The total number of districts within the Bodoland region will therefore be nine.. The Assam Assembly on Wednesday accorded Bodo the status of the associate …  It was delineated as a region for the first time around 1562 when the successor king Nara Narayan determined that the Koch and Mech peoples north of the newly constructed Gohain Kamal Ali could follow their indigenous customs whereas peoples to its south had to follow Hindu Brahmanical rites. Assam Population 2020 – 35.997296 Million. Twitter. It also contributed significantly to the development of the Bodo culture and Bodo language.  The boundary of BTR will be redrawn to make Boro speakers majority within the region. Print. Originally a part of ancient Kamarupa this region came under the control of Koch king Vishwa Singha in the early 16th century. The region is one of the most underdeveloped and backward regions of India of which only 3 percent of the population live in urban areas. Press Trust Of India . (, "These Duars play crucial role in the determination of the relations between Assam and Bhutan. Manas National Park is the major tourist attraction of the region. They have controlled large parts of Assam in the past.  After the split of the Koch kingdom, subsequent collapse of the eastern Koch Hajo due to the Mughals and during the period of Ahom-Mughal conflicts in early 17th century, the Bhutan kingdom pushed south and took control of the region down to the Gohain Kamal Ali. Also in 2015, an article in Economic and Political Weekly said only 27% of the BTAD population is Bodo. Since its formation, the PTCA has categorically demanded a union territory for the Bodosand other Plains tribals of the region called Udayachal." By . Facebook. This is not a secret…They would no longer be a minority.  After the British took control of Assam in 1826, they maintained the Ahom-Bhutan arrangement somewhat and following the Duar War in 1865 took complete possession of the Duars and removed Bhutanese interest for good. Below is the Assam district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. File photo of the signing of the Bodo Peace Accord in January | Twitter. For the council which controls the region, see, Autonomous administrative division in Assam, India, 2020 peace agreement and the formation of the Bodoland Territorial Region, "(T)he Bodo leadership in 1967 formed a political party called the Plains Tribals Council of Assam (PTCA). After the Council Election on 13 May 2005 and subsequent bye-election in November 2005, the 40-member Legislative Council has been formed to look after the development works in the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts. It is not only a significant National Park of India but also an important migratory corridor for the elephant population of the entire Indo-Bhutan region. of Assam’s population. Thus there are altogether 46 members of the council, representing all communities of BTC Area known as Member of Council Legislative Assembly (MCLA). Email. The four districts in BTAD constitute Kokrjhar Lok Sabha constituency, … The demand by Bodos, the largest plains tribe in the Northeast, for a Bodoland led to the signing of three accords between the central government, Assam government and Bodo militant groups in 1993, 2003 and 2020.  Bodoland will also have the right to be represented at national level sports and cultural events such as the National Games of India and the Khelo India Youth Games. The Bodos belong to a larger ethnic group known as Bodo …  By the end of the 17th century the Ahom kingdom had extended their control up to the Manas river, and the region north of the Gohain Kamal Ali became to be divided into different Duars each having individual administrative mechanisms that the Bhutan kingdom and the Ahom kingdom shared. Views: 776. The new accord is already facing some criticism. Tourism in the region is regulated by the department of Bodoland Tourism.  Under the terms of this agreement, a Bodoland Territorial Region was formed with enhanced executive and legislative powers. The local population is now at the risk of turning into a minority.  With the failure of PTCA, the All Bodo Students' Union launched the Bodo Movement in 1987 with the demand for a separate state to be called Bodoland, ending with the Bodo Accord of 1993 with the formation of Bodoland Autonomous Council. The council appoints a cabinet of 14 executive members each looking after a specific area of control. Replying to Purkayastha, Minister Patowary said, "The Bodo language has been included in the list as per the BTR (Bodo Territorial Region) Accord signed on January 27, 2020. Surnames. , Baukungri hill trekking is an adventurous event held annually in Kokrajhar, Bodoland. Manas, the nature's abode is at the foothills of Bhutan with its unique biodiversity and landscape. (, "During the period of political uncertainty caused by the Ahom-Mughal conflict in the middle of seventeenth century, the Bhutias had taken possession of the whole of the fertile plain south of their hills as far as the Gohain Kamal Ali." Govt signs peace pact with Bodos, Amit Shah says Assam’s territorial integrity assured. The Bodoland Territorial Council will have competency over almost all areas defined by the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India and its membership will be increased to 60. DEMOGRAPHY OF ASSAM: The literacy rate in the state of Assam in 2011 was 73%. The BLTF laid down their weapons on 6 December 2003 under the leadership of Hagrama Mohilary and Hagrama was sworn in as the Chief Executive Member (CEM) on 7 December 2003. According to Bodo leaders, there has been large scale influx of illegal migrants to the Bodo districts.  The population of BTC area as per 2001 Census report is 2,920,000 out which the ST[clarification needed] population is around 35% of which only 3% of the total population live in urban areas. A 2015 report in The Assam Tribune quoted the then state government as telling the Assembly that “it does not have any information of the break-up of population of Bodo and non-Bodo communities in BTAD”. Bodo Tribe. The Bodo-Kachari were also some of the first people to rear silkworms and produce silk material and were considered to be advanced in rice cultivation in Assam during this time period. The Park harbours 60 species of mammals of which 23 has been listed in Schedule 1 under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972. In Assam, 4,187,323 children (0-6) live in rural areas. They have long struggled for Bodoland, a sovereign ethnic homeland (subsequently, a state within India). Total population of rural areas of Assam state was 26,807,034. , Bodoland has a literacy rate (7 years and above) of 61.3%.. Posted on : 13 Jan 2020. This is needed as Assam has more than 90 lakh population whose mother tongue is Bengali. Amongst the ST/SC population Bodos, Rabhas, Keots (Kaibartas) and less quantity of Garos are inhabiting in this area out which Bodos will be 90% or approximately 1.2 million.  Spread across more than 6 km2, the forest contains more than 1.4 million plus trees of over 35 varieties.  Bodoland is named after Bodo, an alternative spelling of the Boro people who live primarily in the Dooars regions of Goalpara and Kamrup districts. BTC came into existence immediately after the surrender of Bodo Liberation Tigers Force (BLTF). , The primary purpose of the Bodoland Power Distribution Company Limited is to undertake distribution, trading and supply of electricity in the territory of Bodoland or outside of it. It is organised every year on first day of the year according to the Bodo calendar which falls in mid April.. The region is administered by an elected body known as the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) which was established according to the Memorandum of Settlement of 10 February 2003. The Park also has a recorded count of 36 species of reptiles and 476 species of birds. In 1987, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) revived the Bodo statehood demand. 1. http://censusindia.gov.in/ The Bodoland region is made up of four districts which are further subdivided into 10 Civil Subdivisions and 40 Development Blocks.. They also came here from the Tibeto-China region. State Power Sector Reform Programme under the provision of electricity act 2019 resulted in the unbundling of Bodoland territory Electricity Board, The Bodoland Power Generation Corporation Limited is mainly responsible for maximum energy generation to meet up the energy demand in the territory of Bodoland, while the latter is responsible to efficiently transport electrical power from electrical power bulk heads to the distribution company networks in the territory of Bodoland.  The agreement also makes the Bodo language with Devnagri script an associate official language of Assam. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 85.90%. The term ‘Duar’ literally meaning ‘door’ in English, is used to refer to the areas below the foothills is equivalent to Bhutanese ‘las-sgo’ (lit. The government will set up a Bodo-Kachari Welfare Council for focused development for Bodo villages outside BTAD. He stated that while a total of 14 lakh people speak Bodo in Assam, an even larger population of 90 lakhs speaks Bengali in the state. The economy is largely agricultural based and is lagging behind in urbanization and development. The region is also the gateway to the North Eastern Region of India, where one of the main students organization, All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), allied with National Democratic Front of Boroland – Progressive (NDFB-P), National Democratic Front of Boroland – D.R. C. Census report 2011: – 30.15 lakh total population, [increased about 50% till 2011 since 2001]. Christianity accounts for 3.7%, and other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1%. Comment. The remaining six members are nominated by the Governor of Assam from the unrepresented Communities. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate of Assam is 2.3. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese- speaking community. (, "[Nara Narayana] further instructed the Meches and the Koches living to the north of the, "Taking advantage of [the collapse of Koch Hajo], the Bhutias pushed their southern boundary towards the plains and occupied the land upto the Gohain Kamal Ali." On January 27, … The area and population under the four districts has been estimated as follows: Under the terms of a peace agreement signed in January 2020, new districts will be created with the existing four districts reorganised into seven districts. Football is the most popular sport in the region. The actual functioning of the council was started on 7 December 2003 by constituting the 12 members of the Council provisionally. (, "These efforts ultimately resulted in the Bodo Accord, signed at Guwahati on February 20, formally ending the six-year Bodoland agitation...The Bodo Accord provides for a Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC)..." (, "When Biswa Singha (1515-40) rose to power, the local chiefs, who ruled the country between the river Sonkosh and the Baradi were subdued and the Koch occupied the Duar areas." In rural regions of Assam state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 960 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 964 girls per 1000 boys. He stated that while a total of 14 lakh people speak Bodo in Assam, an even larger population of 90 lakhs speaks Bengali in the state. Assam population in 2020 is estimated to be 35 Million (3.5 Crores), As per Unique Identification India data, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 35,607,039. New Delhi: The Assam cabinet on Tuesday gave nod for introduction of a new bill to accord Bodo the status of associate official language of the state.The decision was taken at a … Kokrajhar town the Administrative Head Quarter lies roughly between 26° 25' N latitude and 90° 16' 38'' E Longitude. Save. Some sources reveal that they were the first people, who started paddy cultivation in the land of Brahmaputra valley. Written By. Following a further peace agreement, the Bodoland Territorial Council was formed in 2003, with a mission to accomplish development in the area of economic, education, preservation of land right, linguistic aspiration, socio-culture and ethnic identity of Bodos and above all to speed up the infrastructure development of communities in the Bodoland area. Population. A number of animals, birds and reptiles can also be spotted in the area. They are the majority tribe in Assam with 1.2 million people according to 1991 census and they constitute 5.3 percent of Assam's population. The area of the region will be enlarged and will also include two new districts created from areas currently outside the region. The Bodoland Transport Service (BTS) manages bus services in the region. According to 2011 census Assam population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion with 61% of population, followed by Muslim with 34%. (, "It was also provided that the Darrang Duars were to be annually surrendered to the Ahom government for four months from, Protected tribal belts and blocks in Assam, National Democratic Front of Boroland – Progressive (NDFB-P), National Democratic Front of Boroland – D.R. Bodo Peace Accord 2020: A look at timeline of major events in long standing conflict in Assam The Bodo conflict, which dates back to the pre-Independence era, gained momentum from 1987 when the ABSU launched an agitation for a separate state. Last Updated: 30th December, 2020 21:24 IST Assam Assembly Grants Bodo Status Of Associate Official Language Before enactment of this bill, Bodo was an official language in some specified Bodo majority areas, Education Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said in the assembly. Guwahati: The Assam government on Monday proposed to accord Bodo the status of an associate official language of the state. 3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in, © 2019-2020 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs, Unique Identification India data, updated 31, May 2020, A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group, Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs), 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs), 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level, https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in, Khasi, Jaintia, Synteng, Pnar, War, Bhoi, Lyngngam. Nabla faction, "From student leader to BTC chief: The meteoric rise of Pramod Boro | Guwahati News - Times of India", "Bodoland Territorial Council: Five members of BJP-UPPL-GSP coalition sworn in", "Assam govt to bring ordinance to accord Bodo as associate official language", "Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) Accord", "THE BODOLAND AUTONOMOUS COUNCIL ACT, 1993", "Bodo groups impose 12-hour 'bandh' in Assam over statehood demand", "Teer in Shillong: Teer Result Online | F/R & S/R » ", "Govt signs historic Bodo peace accord, Amit Shah says golden future awaits Assam", "How the Bodo Accord was accomplished, establishing a wider template for peace in the Northeast", "KMSS Leader Akhil Gogoi's Judicial Custody Extended", "What is Bodo Peace Accord? It made up of four districts on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river, by the foothills of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. The blending of the dense jungle and grassland at the confluence of Indian, Ethiopian and Indo Chinese realms enhances it as one of the richest region of wild animals. What is the Bodo issue? The BTC has 46 members (30 seats reserved for scheduled Tribes, 5 seats for non-scheduled tribes and 5 open seats) and 6 seats of which are nominated by Governor of Assam from unrepresented communities. 54,993 Buddhists and 25,949 Jains are living in Assam at the time of 2011 census. ... 1960, in order to implement Clause 6.2 of the MoS (memorandum of settlement) signed on January 29, 2020 with Bodo groups. of Assam. Abc Medium. Nabla faction, People's Joint Action Committee for Boroland Movement (PJACBM) which is an amalgamation of over three dozen Bodo organisations and its supporters are demanding from the Government of India that a separate state (within the Indian Union) be created comprising the seven districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Udalguri, Sonitpur, Lakhimpur and Dhemaji of Assam which have a significant Bodo population. The increasing population increases pressure on common economic resources too, they maintain. (, "ABSU took over the leadership of the Bodos; it launched a movement for greater autonomy on March 2, 1987, with the demand for creation of a full fledged state of Bodoland outside of Assam." On January 27, 2020, the Central government signed the BTR agreement with the NDFB and other Bodo groups, also ignoring the Koch-Rajbongshis and 73 per cent non-Bodos living in the BTAD. Bodo people are the oldest residence of Assam. Linkedin. The Duars in the Goalpara region (which was outside the Ahom kingdom) were under Bhutan's control, the Duars in the Kamrup region were shared under the Posa system and the Duars in the Darrang region were alternately controlled by the Bhutanese and the Ahoms in an annual cycle. Part of the larger umbrella of Bodo-Kachari, the Bodos constitute about 5-6% of Assam’s population. The region covers an area of over eight thousand square kilometres and is predominantly inhabited by the Bodo people and other indigenous communities of Assam.. The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. Text Size: A-A+. Font Size. Other sports followed in the region are Badminton, Basketball, Volleyball, Cricket, Taekwondo, Kabaddi, Chess, Archery, and other indigenous sports. Situated in Udalguri's Bhairabkunda, it is a forest-grown entirely by local JFMC of 35 members with the help of Forest department of Assam. Moreover, other general communities like Bengali, Gorkha and few numbers of Hindi speaking people are also found in the Council area. This is another major step by the … The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. Assamese and Bodo are the major indigenous and official dialects. Abc Large. According to UID, Assam population in 2020 is estimated to be 35 Million (3.5 Crores). The Assam government has constituted a four-member committee to include Bodo-majority villages in the Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) and exclude non-Bodo settlements from it, as per the Bodo Accord signed on January 27, senior minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said on Friday. The Bodoland Territorial Region is an autonomous region in Assam, Northeast India. Bodo tribe of Assam Bodos are the ethnic tribe of Assam and were among the early settlers of Assam. It is administered by an elected body known as the Bodoland Territorial Council which came into existence under the terms of a peace agreement signed in February 2003 and its autonomy was further extended by an agreement signed in January 2020. compared to 340 per Sq.K.m. The geographical boundary of the BTR lies between 26° 7'12'' N to 26° 47' 50'' N Latitude and 89° 47' 40'' E to 92° 18' 30'' E Longitude and is in the North Western part of Assam. Current population: 13 lakhs. B. Census report 2001: – 20.43 lakh, which means it increased by 8.43 lakh than in 1991. Following an agreement in 1993, Bodoland became an autonomous administrative unit constituted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India covering an area of 8,795 km2 administered by the Bodoland Autonomous Council. This is a linguistic ethnic group, who has its own separate language. The literacy rate for males was 79% and for females, it was 67.27%. "Bangladeshis are filling Assam every day. Bodos are the majority community in the region numbering around 1 million (31%) followed by Bengali Muslims, who form the largest minority group. Manas is also included in the much ambitious plan nomenclature as Indian Rhino Vision −2020 (IRV-2020) since 2006, with the support of Govt. Union Home Minister Amit Shah, who presided over the event, said the signing of the agreement would “end the 50-year-old Bodo crisis.” “Today, … What are the other provisions under the 2020 agreement? What is the Bodo issue? What is the Bodo issue? This celebration is to mark the final solution of the decades-old Bodo problem that was signed on January 27, 2020, by the various Bodo organisations, the Union government and the Assam government. Congress MLA Kamalakhya Dey Purkayastha said that there are over 90 lakh Bengali speaking people in Assam as per the 2011 census and the number of Bodo speaking population … The isolation of the region, its complex social character, and its backwardness compared to other parts of the country have all resulted in the complicated set of demands ranging from demand for autonomy and opposition to 'outsiders' to movements for secession. Most of the industries like oil, gas and major industries of the state are located in upper Assam. Karishma Hasnat 8 October, 2020 6:57 pm IST. This will be done by forming new districts and the boundary of the region will be adjusted to include contiguous Bodo inhabited areas from neighbouring districts and exclude the non-Bodo inhabited territories which are currently under the jurisdiction of the BTC. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese-speaking community. The Bodos have a distinct culture from the rest of the world, ranging from dance and music to festivals and attires. Bodoland Martyrs Gold Cup is organised every year in memory of Bodoland martyrs, who sacrificed their lives for the cause of Bodoland movement.  The other minority communities like Rajbongshi, Sarania are inhabiting in large part of BTC. FP Staff January 29, 2020 07:42:28 IST The All Bodo Students' Union and the United Bodo People's Organisation were also signatories to the … The population of Telugu speakers in Assam is almost twice that of the combined number of those who speak three other major South India languages … The Plains Tribes Council of Assam had demanded, since its inception in 1967, for a separate union territory for the Boro and other plain tribes to be called Udayachal. 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